How Can Instructional Technology Make Teaching and Learning More Effective in Schools?

There is a growing need for efficiency and effectiveness in the dissemination of information and knowledge in most schools today. As the educational landscape evolve, it is becoming increasingly difficult for teachers to effectively pass knowledge across to students in the classroom using old, conventional methods.

As a result, there are several communication breakdown between the teachers and students. And this is giving rise to what most expert fear—the unwillingness of students to learn. Because the traditional method of conveying knowledge now seem boring and uninteresting in the mind of the students.


Let’s take a physics class for example…

What could be the cause?

If you walk into an average physics class, you will discover that most students are finding it difficult to understand the basic concepts of physics as being taught in the class or textbooks. Despite absorbing several hours of instructions and lectures in the classroom, when the time for test comes, the performance of most students are dismally below average.

Why are students not willing to learn? What should the instructors do differently to take the abstract concepts any subject and convey them in a way that the students are not only interested to learn, but they are also motivated to explore other interesting areas of the subject?

That exactly is where the need for technology comes in

Because with the aid of technology, the students can observe the concepts that are being taught in a live or simulated manner. With technology, concepts that seem hard, abstract and difficult to understand in the normal classroom setting suddenly comes to live.

The students can see them, the students can “feel” them, and in most cases, the students can touch them. And this ability to see, feel and touch helps a lot in the dissemination and retention of knowledge.



That exactly is where the need for technology comes in

According to William Glasser, a psychiatrist and world leading authority on teaching and learning, he states that what we retain 10 of what we read, 20 percent of what we hear, 30 percent of what we see, 50 percent of what we see and hear and 80 percent of what we experience.

This enlightening discovery was made in his research on knowledge retention and was published in his book, 10 best teaching practises. It means that their job of passing knowledge across to students becomes a lot easier if they incorporate technology into their daily curriculum.

Not only will the students quickly absorb the concepts that are being taught In the classroom, but their job candidacy also increases considerably. In as much as it sounds promising, sadly, there seems to be a lot of problems associated with the deployment of technology in the classroom. For this to be fully achieved, the following challenges must first of all be sorted out:

The Instructors must possess technical know-how about the technology being deployed.

Of course, you will agree that there’s no benefit in using technology in the classroom if the instructors themselves don’t know how to use it.


Besides being able to manually or technically operate each piece of equipment, the instructor must also be able to analyse and interpret the various data that will be gathered in the process.
And the instructor should be able to pass these same skills to the students so their performance and understanding will be greatly enhanced.
Therefore, before assigning any piece of equipment to the classroom, each instructor that will be overseeing the functionality of such instrument should be properly trained on how to use and evaluate such instruments for the benefit of the students.

There should be adequate budget allocation for the procurement of several equipment

Another issue that needs to be addressed is the acquisition of more than one piece of technology. For each student to learn faster, there need to be an adequate number of technology in place so that each student can get the opportunity they deserve.

In some classroom and laboratories, it is not uncommon to see a crowd of more than 50 students on one piece of equipment. The problem in such scenario is that only few students who are close to the piece of equipment in consideration will ever operate and learn anything from it.

The rest of the students who were not able to get close to the equipment and operate it will miss out on the learning opportunity as most of them might lose concentration because of the number of students using the equipment at a particular time. However, this situation is unlikely if each student is assigned to a particular piece of equipment. That way, the equipment will have a direct impact in the student’s ability and knowledge.


Standards Should be In Place to Avoid Unnecessary Damage

In addition, there should also be safety standards that are set in place to avoid damage to the equipment or injury to the students.
Most of the needed technology in the classroom are expensive and delicate.

A little mishandling on the part of the students can cause serious injury to the student or great damage to the equipment. For situations like this not to occur, the school authorities have to ensure that there are various safety standards and personnel overseeing each piece of equipment in a bid to avoid serious damage to either the student or the equipment.

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